Established for the first time in 2006, the guiding document for the Committee’s decisions is one of the pillars of the integrated and participatory management of water resources in Hydrographic Region II (RH II). Its general objective is to build a strongly agreed and integrated planning instrument that allows the Committee, management bodies and other components of the Water Resources Management System with responsibility for the region to manage its water resources effectively and sustainably surface and underground for the benefit of present and future generations.
In practice, it is a contextualized water management tool for the benefit of the community. PERH-Guandu/RJ brings notes and news in relation to the previous plan and one of its marks was social mobilization. Thinking about the challenge of reconciling social interests and the technical base, two of the north of the Guandu-RJ Committee, the plan was carried out along three strategic lines: the existence of a participatory diagnosis, interviews with social actors and the methodology integrated by agendas. In this sense, mobilization efforts were made to ensure the participation of all involved, data collection and the structuring of all actions and goals that would make the plan possible, relating diagnosis, prognosis (future possibilities), action plan, manual operational and schedule.
Based on surveys, interviews, studies, monitoring and data surveys in various areas, the diagnosis provides a socio-environmental, economic, water and geological mapping of the entire RH II, which covers 15 municipalities in the state of Rio de Janeiro.
In order to deepen the study, PERH-Guandu divided the hydrographic basin into 13 Hydrological Planning Units (UHPs) to make it possible to understand the general context based on the particularities and problems of each microregion.
Guided by short, medium and long term planning, the Strategic Plan has a 25-year horizon, in which four possible scenarios were designed with controllable and non-controllable variables, with political, economic, social and environmental situations.
The action plan was developed with a proposal of 8 agendas, 20 sub-agendas and 40 programs. In total, investments in the order of R$ 2,271,840,000.00 (two billion, two hundred and seventy-one million, eight hundred and forty thousand reais) are foreseen, an amount leveraged by investments in sanitation that comprise more than 80% of the budget. The investments are spread over the 25 years of the plan and are based on aspects that comprise the objectives of the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDG).